UN’s Historical Decision: The First Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which is in force in nine countries including India, rejects

New Delhi date 22 January 2021, Friday

The first UN treaty to rid the world of the world’s deadliest nuclear weapon came into force on Friday. This first attempt to save the world from weapons of mass destruction is being seen as a historic decision. The implementation of the treaty will now be watched by all countries, as nine countries, including India, have not ratified the treaty with the world’s superpowers.

This important treaty has been called the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Which is now a part of international law. At the same time, decades of efforts to stop the US nuclear attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan at the end of World War II are succeeding.

However, it is impossible for all countries of the world to agree not to have nuclear weapons. But the good thing about this treaty is that it has started well in this direction. The treaty was ratified by the United Nations General Assembly in July 2017. It was then supported by more than 120 countries. But nine countries possessing nuclear weapons have not ratified the treaty. These nine countries include the US, Russia, Britain, China, France, India, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel. Which never ratified the treaty. Therefore, the NATO alliance of 30 countries has also not ratified this treaty.

Interestingly, even Japan, which signed the nuclear strike, has not ratified the treaty. Japan is the only country in the world to have suffered a nuclear attack. This treaty is in force from 22 January. According to a UN official, 61 countries have ratified the treaty so far. In addition, nuclear weapons will be banned in all these countries.

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