Ahmedabad, 30 December 2020, Wednesday
The last day of the English year is celebrated as Thirty First, but the East India Company was established on 31 December 1900. The British Empress allowed the company to trade with India for 21 years, but in the name of trade the company laid the foundation for 300 years of British slavery. At that time the economies of Portugal and Spain in Europe were stronger than in Britain.
In 1908, Captain William Hawking brought an East India Company ship named Hector to the port of Surat in Gujarat. Sir Thomas Roe, a British MP and Ambassador to India, was sent to India in 1917 due to Hawking’s lack of knowledge and eloquence. Thomas made the Mughal Emperor Jahangir in Delhi happy by giving him many gifts.
Eventually the East India Company started trading in cotton, swallow and tea in India. Portugal and the Dutch also established bases in India, formerly known as the Gold Coast. The East India Company fought small and large battles with the Portuguese, Dutch and French and captured the coastal areas of Bengal. At that time Bengal was economically the richest state in India. Many commodities, including silk, cotton and potassium nitrate, were widely traded.
The British company gradually began to show the local princely states of India, but the real battle took place with Siraj Uddaula, who became the Nawab of Bengal in the 19th century. Siraj-ud-daula challenged the British officers by demolishing the forts of the British Company and imprisoned them. Now the British were about to retaliate but could not face the Nawab’s army. The British finally won the Battle of Plassey on 6 June 19 by occupying the post of Nawab, General Nawab of the Nawab. The East India Company extended its reach in India to such an extent that in 1905 the British gave the company the right to wage war.
The East India Company had a large army of 2.50 lakh soldiers.
The East India Company did not hesitate to use force wherever it did not excel in business. Surprisingly, the company recruited locals into the army and mobilized a huge army of 2.50 lakh soldiers. The sole purpose was to buy goods at cheap prices and sell them at high prices. The centuries-old traditional textile industry of India began to sabotage British-made textiles to become popular in India. Under this policy, Britain’s exports to India increased from 2 million in 1917 to 3 million by the 19th century. The 18th Indian War of Independence in India was the result of the anger of the East India Company. After suppressing the freedom struggle, Queen Victoria of Britain abolished all rights of the East India Company and took the reins of government directly into her own hands.